‘A high-quality mathematics education provides a foundation for understanding the world, the ability to reason mathematically, an appreciation of the beauty and power of mathematics, and a sense of enjoyment and curiosity about the subject’ (National Curriculum, 2014).
The National Curriculum (2014) states that three aims of mathematics aim to ensure that all pupils:
* Become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics, including through varied and frequent practice with increasingly complex problems over time, so that pupils develop conceptual understanding and the ability to recall and apply knowledge rapidly and accurately.
* Reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry, conjecturing relationships and generalisations, and developing an argument, justification or proof using mathematical language
* Can solve problems by applying their mathematics to a variety of routine and non-routine problems with increasing sophistication, including breaking down problems into a series of simpler steps and persevering in seeking solutions.
Teaching and learning in mathematics at Junction Farm therefore aligns with the three National Curriculum aims while reflecting the overall ethos and mission statement of our school:-
* All of us learning all of the time.
* Challenging and achieving.
* Making learning fun.
We aim to achieve high standards in mathematics through a consistent, progressive and cohesive approach to the subject. This allows us to reinforce and uphold our schools ideas and values with regards to our Rights Respecting School Award.
The National Curriculum – KS1 and KS2
The Primary National Curriculum (2014) is organised into the following areas (with different aspects introduced in different year groups):
* Place Value
* Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division
* Fractions (including decimals and percentages)
* Ratio and proportion
* Properties of Shapes
* Position and Direction
The above strands are broken down into statutory objectives for each year group. These can be found in more detail in the National Curriculum for Mathematics (2014). The National Curriculum entitles all pupils to a broad and balanced curriculum and emphasises the importance of applying knowledge in a range of situations. This idea underpins all work in mathematics.
Mathematics begins in Early Years where children are provided with opportunities to explore, learn and practise skills and develop understanding of mathematical concepts. Mathematics in Early Years involves providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting; understanding and use of numbers; simple addition and subtraction problems; and shapes, spaces, and measures.
Progressing into Key Stage 1, the principal focus of mathematics teaching is to ensure that pupils develop confidence and mental fluency with whole numbers, counting and place value. This should involve working with numerals, words and the four operations, including with practical resources to ensure a secure grasp of skills and concepts. Children are introduced to a variety of mathematical concepts which will form the foundation of understanding for future work. Problem solving and reasoning skills should be developed through the aspects of the curriculum.
Throughout Key Stage 2, children broaden and deepen their learning within Mathematics. Our preferred calculation methods can be found in our Calculation Policy, which is currently being revised and updated. In Lower Key Stage 2, the principal focus of mathematics is to ensure that pupils become increasingly fluent with whole numbers and the four operations, including number facts and the concept of place value. This should ensure that pupils develop efficient written and mental methods and perform calculations accurately. At this stage, pupils should develop their ability to solve a range of problems. By the end of Year 4, pupils should have memorised their multiplication tables up to 12 x 12.
When children reach Upper Key Stage 2, the principal focus of mathematics teaching is to ensure that pupils extend their understanding of the number system and place value to include larger integers. This should develop the connections that pupils make between multiplication and division with fractions, decimals, percentages and ratio. At this stage, pupils should develop their ability to solve a wider range of problems, including increasingly complex properties of numbers and arithmetic, and problems demanding efficient written and mental methods of calculation.
Expectations are high; children are encouraged to be the best they can be. Those children with talents in Mathematics are challenged with extension and challenge tasks and children who find Mathematics harder are supported in class and given opportunities to catch up and reinforce their skills.
Mathematics at Junction Farm
At Junction Farm, all year groups have a one hour Mathematics lesson each day. In Key Stage 1 and 2, we also have an additional 15 minutes of Arithmetic.
In the Early Years, a range of opportunities, experiences and activities are provided daily, allowing children to discover and develop mathematical concepts and skills through play and
child -initiated situations. Every opportunity is grasped to make the most of children’s natural interest in exploring mathematical concepts and problem solving.
In Key Stages 1 and 2, we predominantly use Focus Maths for our long and medium term planning. Weekly planning and resourcing is carried out using Focus Maths, White Rose Maths Hub and other available resources. Each week, children complete a ‘pre-learning task’ which enables staff to identify next steps in learning and plan children’s work accordingly. High-quality teaching takes place during the week and a ‘post-learning task’ is completed at the end of the week.
We have a clear, coherent calculation policy for calculating and recording in mathematics. The policy aims to ensure consistency and progression throughout Junction Farm. It was devised by the Mathematics Subject Leader, involving consultations with staff.
Feedback to pupils about their own progress in mathematics is achieved through discussion and the marking of work as set out in the school marking policy. Marking is completed daily and children have the opportunity to respond to errors daily. Staff and children take pride in the quality of children’s work. High standards of presentation and recording are expected in all of children’s books.
Parents are given copies of the calculation policy and target sheets for their child’s year group at the start of each year. Parents are informed about their child’s learning in mathematics through half termly topic maps which are sent home and also found on the school website. If you require another copy of your child’s targets or calculation policy, please speak to a member of staff.
My Maths is a useful resource to support with homework. Please ask your teacher for the login if you are unsure.
Times table practice is encouraged at home through the use of Times Table Rockstars, where teachers set times tables for the children to practise. Each week, a ‘Rockstar of the Week’ certificate is awarded to the child in each year group with the highest number of coins – this is also celebrated on the newsletter.
Please find the links for My Maths and Times Table Rockstars below: