‘A high-quality mathematics education provides a foundation for understanding the world, the ability to reason mathematically, an appreciation of the beauty and power of mathematics, and a sense of enjoyment and curiosity about the subject’ (National Curriculum, 2014).


At Junction Farm Primary School, the teaching and learning of mathematics reflects the overall ethos and mission statement of our school: ‘All of us learning all of the time’; ‘Challenging and achieving’ and ‘Making learning fun’. With this approach to learning in mind, the following three National Curriculum aims are central to Mathematics across the school:

  • Become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics.
  • Reason mathematically.
  • Solve problems by applying their mathematics to a variety of problems.


Pupils need to develop knowledge, skills and understanding in many areas of Mathematics. The Primary National Curriculum (2014) is organised into the following areas (with different aspects introduced in different year groups):

  • Number
    • Place Value
    • Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division
    • Fractions (including decimals and percentages)
  • Ratio and proportion
  • Algebra
  • Measurement
  • Geometry
    • Properties of Shapes
    • Position and Direction
  • Statistics

We are currently finalising our Mathematics Scheme of Work which explains the concepts in all aspects of the curriculum, for each year group, as well as our chosen strategies and methods here at Junction Farm.

Mathematics begins in Early Years where children are provided with opportunities to explore, learn and practise skills and develop understanding of mathematical concepts. Mathematics in Early Years involves providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting; understanding and use of numbers; simple addition and subtraction problems; and shapes, spaces, and measures.


Progressing into Key Stage 1, the principal focus of mathematics teaching is to ensure that pupils develop confidence and mental fluency with whole numbers, counting and place value. This should involve working with numerals, words and the four operations, including with practical resources to ensure a secure grasp of skills and concepts. Children are introduced to a variety of mathematical concepts which will form the foundation of understanding for future work. Problem solving and reasoning skills should be developed through the aspects of the curriculum.

Throughout Key Stage 2, children broaden and deepen their learning within Mathematics. Our preferred calculation methods can be found in our Calculation Policy, which is currently being revised and updated.

In Lower Key Stage 2, the principal focus of mathematics is to ensure that pupils become increasingly fluent with whole numbers and the four operations, including number facts and the concept of place value. This should ensure that pupils develop efficient written and mental methods and perform calculations accurately. At this stage, pupils should develop their ability to solve a range of problems. By the end of Year 4, pupils should have memorised their multiplication tables up to 12 x 12.

When children reach Upper Key Stage 2, the principal focus of mathematics teaching is to ensure that pupils extend their understanding of the number system and place value to include larger integers. This should develop the connections that pupils make between multiplication and division with fractions, decimals, percentages and ratio. At this stage, pupils should develop their ability to solve a wider range of problems, including increasingly complex properties of numbers and arithmetic, and problems demanding efficient written and mental methods of calculation.

Expectations are high; children are encouraged to be the best they can be. Those children with talents in Mathematics are challenged with extension and challenge tasks and children who find Mathematics harder are supported in class and given opportunities to catch up and reinforce their skills.



We aim to provide quality resources to support the teaching and learning of Mathematics. Children have access to practical equipment, ICT activities, games and resources which support, extend and challenge their learning. In addition to this we use differentiated text books and schemes to ensure children’s individual needs are catered for. We have a ‘Maths Challenge’ programme which incorporates the key number facts in a range of timed challenges.


School also subscribe to Mathletics and My Maths for children in Key Stage 2, an online resource which can also be accessed at home. This can be set at levels to suit individual children and is great fun for the children.



Click here for the Mathematics Policy